MANY RICE FARMERS know that what they call “Sabog Tanim” is just one way of planting rice by broadcasting the grains in the field. They are not aware that there are two ways of establishing the rice plantation by directly planting the grains in the prepared field. The two ways, according to the experts are DRY SEEDING and DIRECT SEEDING.
BOTH ARE CHEAPER WAYS – What’s the difference between the two systems? Both are recommended by the rice experts wherever each is more appropriate to adopt. This is because the two techniques are cheaper ways of growing rice. Cheaper than when the grains are germinated in seedbeds and then transplanted in the field manually or by machine.
DRY SEEDING – Here’s the difference. In dry seeding which is usually done where there is no irrigation, the ungerminated seeds are broadcasted on the thoroughly prepared field.
DIRECT SEEDING – On the other hand, in direct seeding (wet), pre-germinated seeds are broadcasted on well puddled field.
TRANSPLANTING VERY EXPENSIVE – The traditional way of planting manually is very costly. In Sultan Kudarat, it costs about P12,000 per hectare to plant rice by manual transplanting. The high cost includes seedling production, pulling and hauling the seedlings to the field and manual transplanting. On the other hand, dry seeding costs only P1,500 per hectare. And it can be done in just one day.
CONCRETE EXAMPLE – Here’s on example of a farmer from Sultan Kudarat in Mindanao who practiced dry seeding. The farmer, Baltazar Funa was pleasantly amazed at the performance of a hybrid variety which he planted in 2019. He was pleasantly surprised because the plants had survived the intermittent dry spell that followed several days after the seeds were broadcasted on the thoroughly prepared field.
TATAK HYBRID – On June 1, 2019, Baltazar Funa broadcasted seeds of TH 82, a hybrid rice, on 0.8 hectare and an inbred variety on 2.2 hectares. Two months later, he took pictures of the beautifully growing TH 82 which he expected to harvest in the third week of September. He was down-hearted, however, because the inbred variety that he has been planting in previous years did not survive the dry spell that followed several days after dry seeding.
P12,OOO PER HECTARE – In Sultan Kudarat, it costs about P12,000 per hectare to plant rice by manual transplanting. The high cost includes seedling production, pulling and hauling the seedlings to the field and manual transplanting.
ONLY P1,500 IN DIRECT SEEDING – On the other hand, dry seeding costs only P1,500 per hectare. And it can be done in just one day.
RIGHT VARIETY FOR DRY & DIRECT SEEDING – Jimmy Tulang, rice technician, explained that TH 82 is highly resistant to intermittent drought because it develops an extensive root system that penetrates deeper in the soil enabling the plant to take up more water and nutrients. It is also said to be resistant to pests and diseases.
POINTMAN IN MINDANAO – Tulang heads the Seedworks Philippines team that is helping farmers in Mindanao produce higher yields of rice. Seedworks is the distributor of TH 82 and other hybrids that include US 88 and Quadro Alas. The company is headed by Carlos Saplala, president and CEO.